Foundation issues can be daunting for many homeowners. Hearing that your home needs foundation work results in some homeowners wanting to sell immediately. To understand what house foundation repair methods entail, you should understand the different designs that support a home.
A full basement foundation typically starts with a hole that measures eight feet deep. The floor space of this area typically matches the home’s ground level. Structural walls known as footings are poured, followed by beams and foundation walls.
With crawl space foundations, stem walls are smaller foundation walls that make up the base of houses. There’s enough room between the house and ground for all of the plumbing and pipework. This allows for enough space between the house and the land to protect the home from flooding.
Concrete Slab Style
Concrete slab foundations are designed as one large concrete structure that rests flat on the ground. This design is poured in one single piece, and the house rests directly over top of it. Steel reinforcement bars lay within the slab lending it durability. This is usually the least expensive type of foundation.
Common Issues That Lead to Foundation Work
Each type of foundation can encounter its own set of problems, and some issues can affect the design separately.
Basement Foundation Issues
Basements are prone to moisture, which can alter and warp structures over time. There are a few types of damage that are common in basement foundations. Bowing or arching basement walls leading to a weakened support system beneath the home. Cracked walls due to extreme weather conditions. Foundations are also prone to flooding.
Crawlspace Foundation Issues
The space between the ground and floor of your home can lack support at times. These areas are also prone to softening. Sagging floors can compromise your home’s foundation. Moisture in the crawlspace can weaken the foundation. Additionally, the soggy ground can cause the piers to shift, causing the foundation to buckle.
Slab Foundation Issues
Although the slab design is simple and has less room to expose your home to the elements, they can still be prone to damage. Over time, the concrete slab can crack. If the ground becomes too saturated, the slab can also sink into the earth. Let’s take a look at how you can address each of these issues.
Foundation Repair Methods
Each type of foundation problem requires a different resolution. There are several types of foundation repair methods that you can use based on the style of your home.
When a house foundation repair is focused on the basement area, mortar patches and sealants may be the best course of action. If you or the inspector notices trouble areas in the basement walls, these mortar patches can help strengthen the affected area. Using a sealer on the basement will also fill any cracks and help drive away moisture in the future. These patch products typically contain vinyl resin or cement, which are vital elements to enhance the durability of the foundation walls.
Anchors, Piers, and Straps
The methods listed above are typically used when the damage doesn’t affect the building’s structural integrity. If there are significant structural cracks, extensive repair methods are utilized. Wall plate anchors, carbon fiber straps, and push piers can all reinforce the structural integrity of the basement’s foundation walls.
Crawl Space Support Jacks
When a floor feels spongy or items in the house begin to move or shake as people walk in your home, foundation settlement may be creeping in. Settled support post and rusted screws are most likely the cause. In this case, replacing the posts with support jacks is one of the leading foundation repair methods.
Pressed Concrete Pilings
These heavy-duty concrete piers are usually driven twelve feet into the ground. Typically, these pilings are placed beneath concrete slab foundations. They correct any sinking due to settlement or saturated soil beneath the home. These piers add an extra layer of support to prevent any future weakening of the home’s structural integrity. Other foundation repair methods include:
- Spot Piers
- Segmented Piers
- Helical Piers
Foundation Repair From Ground Up
Ground Up Foundation Repair is the leading authority in foundation repair. If you own a home in Nashville or Middle Tennessee, we’re always on call for you. We’re happy to address any questions or concerns you may have about your home’s foundation. Concerning damage or activity shouldn’t be ignored. Reach out to the experts at Ground Up Foundation Repair today.